Parasites, infections and diseases of fish in Africa

an update by Ilan Paperna

Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Rome

Written in English
Cover of: Parasites, infections and diseases of fish in Africa | Ilan Paperna
Published: Pages: 220 Downloads: 379
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Subjects:

  • Fishes -- Parasites -- Africa.,
  • Fishes -- Diseases -- Africa.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

StatementIlan Paperna.
SeriesCIFA technical paper -- 31.
The Physical Object
Paginationx, 220 p. :
Number of Pages220
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18113137M
ISBN 109251037728

  Paperna I () Parasites, infections and diseases of fishes in Africa: an update. CIFA Technical paper No. 31, FAO publication, Rome. Paperna I, Thurston JP () Report on ectoparasitic infections of fresh water fish in Africa. Parasitic infections due to protozoa and helminths are responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide. They are prevalent in Central and South America, Africa, and Asia. They are much less common in Australia, Canada, Europe, Japan, New Zealand, and the . a parasite Mosquito in the transmission of filariasis C- Definitive host in the life cycle of a parasite Female Anopheles mosquito in the life cycle of malarial parasites D- Vector (either mechanical/biological) in the transmission of an infectious disease Tick in the transmission of Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Lyme disease. Advice for treating parasitic infections also is available from experts at major medical and public health centers and travel clinics, at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) web site, in textbooks of infectious diseases and tropical medicine, and in summary form from The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics.

The book concludes with discussions of fish worms causing diseases in nature and in fish-farms. This section also addresses the value of parasitic worms in extending knowledge of the environments in which fish and their parasites dwell, from the use of worms as indicators of pollution or for determining the location, migrations, and feeding. Gnathostomiasis infections are rare worldwide. They're reported mostly in Southeast Asia, but are now also seen in Central and South America. This type of infection is considered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to be an emerging imported means that it's spreading around the world just as we do as travelers.   This parasite can cause a rare brain infection called meningoencephalitis, which causes severe brain inflammation. The amoeba also causes a whole host . Neglected tropical diseases − Summary. Dengue: A mosquito-borne infection causing flu-like illness that may develop into severe dengue and cause lethal complications.. Rabies: A preventable viral disease transmitted to humans through the bites of infected dogs that is invariably fatal once symptoms develop.. Trachoma: A chlamydial infection transmitted through direct contact with infectious.

  This famous parasitic disease is caused by the nematode Capillaria philippinensis. Fish-eating birds appear to be the natural final host, and freshwater or brackish-water fish are the intermediate hosts. Human infection occurs after ingestion of raw fish. It is endemic in restricted areas of The Philippines and Thailand.   Depending on where you go swimming, there are quite a few parasites to be of concern. Just going for a swim can make you sick, even if you never get near an insect. Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and Shigella, as well as are out to get you, and.   Infectious diarrhoea is a major cause of death in children under 5 years old in Africa [].Unsafe water supplies and inadequate levels of sanitation and hygiene increase the transmission of diarrhoeal diseases and despite ongoing efforts to enhance disease surveillance and response, many African countries face challenges in accurately identifying, diagnosing and reporting infectious diseases.

Parasites, infections and diseases of fish in Africa by Ilan Paperna Download PDF EPUB FB2

Parasites, infections and diseases of fishes in Africa - An update CIFA Technical Paper. No Rome, FAO. ABSTRACT: This document complies and consolidates existing information on diseases and infections occurring in African fish.

Parasites, infections, and diseases of fish in Africa. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, International government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Ilan Paperna.

All fish carry pathogens and y this is at some cost to the fish. If the cost is sufficiently high, then the impacts can be characterised as a r disease in fish is not understood well. What is known about fish disease often relates to aquaria fish, and more recently, to farmed fish.

Disease is a prime agent affecting fish mortality, especially when fish are young. Fish Parasite: Infectious Diseases Associated with Fish Parasite parasite is able to infect numerous species of salmonid fishes (O’GrodnickHoffman ). This document has been prepared with the intention to provide fish culturists, biologists and ichthyopathologists with an up-to-date review on parasites, infections and diseases of fish in Africa.

A particular effort has been made to assemble all relevant data on the organisms involved, their aetiology and epizootology, as well as their known geographical by: Isopoda are parasites of marine fish and infections have been reported in euryhaline fish in estuaries.

Nerocila orbignyi, a common parasite of marine and estuarine fish, including grey mullets (Trilles, ) was reported to infect Sarotherodon galilaeus in a Nile Delta lake (Wunder, ).

This is a disease transmitted by Balatidium coli, which is a single-cell parasite that mostly infects pigs but can cause intestinal infections in humans rare cases. It can be spread by drinking contaminated water, or through direct contact with pigs. Fish Parasites & Diseases.

Fish, like any animal, are exposed and susceptible to a wide range of diseases and parasites. In fact, it is unusual to find a fish completely free of disease organisms. It is normal to see a few dead fish from time to time. These fish usually die as the result of natural causes.

A parasite is an organism that lives on or in a host and infections and diseases of fish in Africa book its food from or at the expense of its host.

Parasites can cause disease in humans. Some parasitic diseases are easily treated and some are not. The burden of these diseases often rests on communities in the tropics and subtropics, but parasitic infections also affect people in developed countries.

ADVERTISEMENTS: The following points highlight the seven major diseases of fishes. The diseases are: 1. Bacterial Diseases of Fishes 2. Fungal Diseases of Fishes 3. Parasitic Diseases in Fishes 4. Protozoan Diseases in Fishes 5.

Non-Infectious Maladies in Fishes 6. Miscellaneous Diseases in Fishes 7. Viral Diseases in Fishes. Bacterial Diseases of Fishes: Bacterial [ ].

Parasites are not a disease, but they can spread diseases. ingesting raw or poorly processed or preserved freshwater fish. Dioctophyme renalis infection: in Central and West Africa and is. Updates Parasites, infections, and diseases of fish in Africa by Ilan Paperna. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Description.

Information on diseases and infections occurring in African fish is compiled and consolidated. Data have been organized into a convenient format along with an update of available general information on fish diseases and their aetiological agents.

Incorporated into the text are also relevant data and information on diseases found in species of African fish farmed outside Africa and general.

Parasitic infections are a big problem in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Malaria is one of the deadliest parasitic diseases. Parasitic infections can also occur in the United States. 4 Parasitic Diseases in Aquaculture: Their Biology, Diagnosis and Control 53 people are estimated to be at risk of infection with Opisthorchis, Clonorch is and Paragonimus species (Keiser and.

You need to be mindful of health risks when owning fish, but with our guide to fish diseases and infections, you’ll know the symptoms and how to treat them. Book a vet Poor health in fish isn’t uncommon, but the main cause is poor water conditions.

Healthy water usually means healthy fish, so paying. Karolyn A. Wanat, Scott A. Norton. Skin problems are among the most frequent medical problems in returned travelers. A large case series of dermatologic problems in returned travelers showed that cutaneous larva migrans, insect bites, and bacterial infections were the most frequent skin problems in ill travelers seeking medical care, making up 30% of the 4, diagnoses (Table ).

The disease is found and is most commonly diagnosed in Southeast Asia, though it has also been found elsewhere in Asia, in South and Central America, and in some areas of Africa.

People become infected primarily by eating undercooked or raw freshwater fish, eels, frogs, birds, and reptiles. Sites in Africa frequently visited by travelers are common sites of infection. These sites include rivers and water sources in the Banfora region (Burkina Faso) and areas populated by the Dogon people (Mali), Lake Malawi, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, the Omo.

common (and not so common) parasitic, infectious, and noninfectious diseases. of wild and cultured fishes encountered in Alaska. The content is directed towards lay users, as well as fish culturists at aquaculture facilities and field.

biologists and is not a comprehensive treatise nor should it be considered a. scientific document. 14 hours ago  Malaria infection is now commonly treated with a combination of two drugs - artemisinin and piperaquine. But then malaria parasites started developing a resistance to artemisinin as well.

This is a list of parasitic diseases, organized by the type of organism that causes the disease. (See also parasitism and. Snail-borne parasitic diseases, such as angiostrongyliasis, clonorchiasis, fascioliasis, fasciolopsiasis, opisthorchiasis, paragonimiasis and schistosomiasis, pose risks to human health and cause major socioeconomic problems in many tropical and sub-tropical countries.

In this review we summarize the core roles of snails in the life cycles of the parasites they host, their clinical. Fish is the principal source of protein for people in many parts of the world, particularly in developing countries.

While most fish are caught from nature, aquaculture or fish farming is now making a significant contribution to total fish production. More intensive conditions of aquaculture often result in a higher incidence of fish diseases and.

sexually transmitted infection – only trophozoite form (no cysts) Sleeping sickness: Trypanosoma brucei: brain and blood microscopic examination of chancre fluid, lymph node aspirates, blood, bone mar to 70, people; only found in Africa tsetse fly, day-biting fly of the genus Glossina: Chagas disease: Trypanosoma cruzi.

Book • Edited by: Select 4 - Stress and resistance to infectious diseases in fish. Book chapter Full text access.

4 - Stress and resistance to infectious diseases in fish. The management and control of parasitic infections in aquaculture are a constant challenge, highly complicated by the current limited availability of.

Fish Diseases: Prevention and Control Strategies provides essential information on disease prevention and treatment by the most experienced fish culturists in the industry. The book presents both traditional and novel methodologies of identifying and addressing fish disease risk, along with preventative and responsive insights to the challenges.

Parasitic infection of the nervous system can produce a variety of symptoms and signs. Because symptoms of infection are often mild or nonspecific, diagnosis can be difficult. Spirometra are parasites of fish-eating cats, dogs. The tsetse fly is the vector for both Trypanosoma spp.

and is unique to Africa. Incidence of disease is. Parasitic infections are common in rural or emerging areas of Africa, Asia, and Central and South America and are less common in industrialized areas. A person who visits such an area can unknowingly acquire a parasitic infection, and a doctor may not readily diagnose the infection.

concurrent infections from other disease agents (including other species of parasites), or are subject to other types of stress, some parasites that do not normally cause disease do cause disease. Lethal infections may result from parasites that generally only cause mild disease.

This section highlights some of the parasitic diseases such. Parasitic worms in humans are often associated with travel, but you can also get them at home.

These organisms live in and feed off a living host, like a human. They aren’t always visible to the.). Fish parasites are among the major pathogens, whichcause fish diseases and spoil the appearance of fish thus resulting in consumer rejection.

Several groups of parasites belonging to helminths, arthropods, protozoans and other groups of miscellaneous taxa are known to infect fish and produce harmful effects on their hosts (Paperna, ).Fish diseases caused by parasites, bacteria or viruses can be spread from pond to pond or from farm to farm by the transfer of infected fish and by animals, people, equipment and water contaminated by contact with infected fish or fish pathogens.